Neurophysiological Treatments

A brain-based model of treatment proposes that a neurobiological underpinning informs psychotherapy. Furthermore, effective clinical practices are informed by brain functions of several biological and social levels of operation. Neurophysiological treatment includes various devices and techniques that assist psychotherapy by interacting with neurobiology to promote homeostasis or brain balance.


Biofeedback is a technique you can use to learn to control some of your body's functions, such as your heart rate. During biofeedback, you're connected to electrical sensors that help you receive information about your body.
This feedback helps you make subtle changes in your body, such as relaxing certain muscles, to achieve the results you want, such as reducing pain. In essence, biofeedback gives you the ability to practice new ways to control your body, often to improve a health condition or physical performance.
Types of Biofeedback:
  • Brain waves- This type uses scalp sensors to monitor your brain waves using an electroencephalograph (EEG).
  • Breathing- During respiratory biofeedback, bands are placed around your abdomen and chest to monitor your breathing patterns and respiration rate.
  • Heart rate- This type uses finger or earlobe sensors with a device used to detect blood volume changes (photoplethysmograph). Or sensors placed on your chest, lower torso, or wrists use an electrocardiograph (ECG) to measure your heart rate and how your heart rate varies.
  • Muscle contraction- This type involves placing sensors over your skeletal muscles with an electromyography (EMG) to monitor the electrical activity that causes muscle contraction.
  • Sweat gland activity- Sensors attached around your fingers or on your palm or wrist with an electrodermograph (EDG) measure the activity of your sweat glands and the amount of perspiration on your skin, alerting you to anxiety.
  • Temperature- Sensors attached to your fingers or feet measure blood flow to your skin. Because your temperature often drops when you're under stress, a low reading can prompt you to begin relaxation techniques.


Also called neurotherapy or neurobiofeedback, is a type of biofeedback that uses real-time displays of brain activity, most commonly electroencephalography (EEG), to teach self-regulation of brain function. Sensors are placed on the scalp to measure activity, with measurements displayed using video displays or sound.

Cranial Electrostimulation (CES)

CES uses a cellphone-sized device that stimulates the cranium and brain with a micro-current that cannot usually be sensed by the consumer (below four milliamps). CES stimulates the release of neurochemicals, which enhance brain regulation and balance.

Virtual Reality Therapy (VRT)

VRT uses virtual reality technology to engage and enable individuals to interact with people and places in authentic, virtual environments. People can face their fears, practice conversations, visit remote locations, and relax in tranquil settings.

TouchPoints (Bi-Lateral Tactile Stimulation)

TouchPoints use bi-Lateral alternating stimulation tactile stimulation gives the individual a gentle vibration that affects the brain and alters the body's fight, flight or freeze response.

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